Ministy of Textiles-Govt.Of India



West Bengal has a glorious history of silk industry for hundreds of years along the Gangetic belt. During 17th and 18th   century Bengal alone produced and exported 24 lakh Lbs. of silk to Europe annually from Cossimbazar of Murshidabad district, the then main silk trade centre in the country. But the industry suffered time and again due to out break of silkworm diseases, which reduced the industry on a verge of extinction. The Govt. of India felt the need to set up a full-fledged research institute to restore the past glory of the silk industry. In 1943, this premier Research Institute was established at Berhampore, in the historic district of Murshidabad in West Bengal to provide the research and development support for promotion of the silk industry in India.


Since establishment, the Institute has made outstanding contribution for overall development of silk industry in the Eastern and North-eastern region. In Moriculture, new mulberry varieties with high leaf productivity and quality have been developed for irrigated and rainfed conditions, alluvial, red-laterite, and acidic soils including hilly areas. Improved package of mulberry cultivation practices for different regions have been developed. Technologies have been developed to produce Phosphatic and Nitrogenous bio-fertilizers and vermin-compost as substitutes of chemical fertilizers, which are eco-friendly and economical to the farmers. Similarly, region and season specific high yielding silkworm breeds have also been evolved.


     Eastern and North-eastern states, coming under tropical region, are having distinctly different climatic conditions in different seasons, which become a serious impediment for sustainable production of silk both in quantity and quality. Scientists of CSR&TI, Berhampore took up the challenge and developed complete silkworm rearing package of practices integrating the management of mulberry and silkworm diseases and pests.


     The Institute has a good extension network for dissemination of the technologies developed by the institute to the farmers and regular feed back through its nested units like RSRSs, RECs and REC-Sub Units located in different states. RSRSs deal with the local Sericultural problems in addition to the adaptive, operational and extension programmes in the respective states.


     The Institute has commendable contribution in post-cocoon research by developing improved cooking and reeling techniques.


      The Institute is continuously striving for higher productivity of mulberry and silkworm races and refinement of technologies related to sericulture. Since 1975, CSRTI, Berhampore has been producing trained manpower in sericulture through various training programmes and till date 5951 candidates have completed their courses successfully, who are serving the nation through sericulture development.


     The Institute has been aiming at developing eco-friendly and low cost technologies, which are within the reach of the poorest of the poor farmers. Thus innovative and indigenous low cost technologies will improve socio-economic conditions of Sericulturists and boost up the country’s silk production.


    CSR&TI, Berhampore has a far and wide vision to become a unique Research Institution in the country upholding the heritage of sericulture in the region through R&D support for promotion of silk industry, rural development, generation of human resources and quality consciousness among the silk producers for sustaining in the competitive market.